Visit to ... Seki-san, the printer
Mr. Kenji Seki
I've been writing these 'Visit to a Craftsman' stories for many years now, and sometimes when I have been preparing for the visit, I have thought "Actually, I don't even really need to go and visit this man - I know what I'll be seeing and hearing; I can just stay home to write the story ..." And perhaps you readers have had the same feeling - once you've seen the title and introduction to a story, you pretty well know what is coming up.
But of course, I don't do it that way; I always make the visits before writing these pieces - and this time especially, I'm glad that I did. Let me set the scene for you: I visited the woodblock printer Mr. Kenji Seki, to find out how he got started in this field, and to talk about his time as an apprentice. Do you think you can imagine the rest of the story? Well, let's see how close you come!
Of course, I headed for Shitamachi, home of traditional woodblock craftsmen for hundreds of years ... Oops! Seki-san lives in the Tokyo suburb of Hachioji, in a modern house in a modern housing development. Once welcomed into his home, I stepped into the tatami-matted work shop ... Oops! No tatami! Seki-san works in a wooden-floored western-style room. There in the room was the low printer's bench ... Oops! Seki-san works standing up at a high western-style workbench! There on the work surface are the cherry blocks for a reproduction of an old Ukiyo-e print, carved by one of the old 'hori-shi' ... Oops! These blocks are plywood - the picture is a modern landscape - and the carver was ... Seki-san!
There is no room for us to sit and talk in this tiny workroom, so we sit in the modern living room downstairs for our conversation. I have a million questions for him - and not just for this newsletter story. Hidden away inside my bag are my baren and some prints ... I also have some questions to ask him about my own printing work. Will I get a chance today?
But the first question must obviously be about these new 'original' prints he is making; what is going on? He shows us a few of them - landscape scenes drawn without strong outlines, in a 'misty' and dreamy mood. They are quite large, and are presumably meant to become decorative accessories in a modern style home. It turns out that there are a couple of reasons why Seki-san has turned to such work: if he simply sits by the telephone waiting for print publishers to call, he may be waiting for a long time; woodblock prints are a 'luxury' item, and in the current economic climate prints do not figure large in many peoples' minds. There is very little work available in the traditional field at the moment.
As we talk to him about these pictures though, it becomes evident that another factor is at work here - he is very much enjoying himself in the creation of these prints. Although he was trained as a 'suri-shi' (a print craftsman) to simply print and print whatever was sent across his desk by the publishers - without having any opinions on the work at all - it seems that during all these years he has been watching and studying the prints under his baren, and has absorbed enough by doing so to now allow him to move one step further back up the chain, to design his own works.
That skill is allowing him to adapt to this new world. It seems that it's time for us to discard much of what we think we know about these craftsmen, and start building a new image in our minds. The Heisei era is now nearly ten years old, and the wide changes taking place in Japanese society are indeed touching every corner of the land ...
After some discussion about these things, I remember that I'm supposed to be here to talk about his apprentice years, so we ask him some questions about this to hear what he has to say about those difficult days:
"When you started, you were only 14 years old. I guess you had to do all the 'grunge' work for everybody else, right? Grinding the pigments for hours, cutting all the paper ..."
"No, not at all. All the men always did those jobs for themselves. They were 'shokunin'."
"Well, you must have been the one who had to do all the boring jobs ... rubbing all the brushes on the sharkskin ..."
"No, no. I did my brushes of course, but everybody else did their own, even the master. They were shokunin."
By now in the interview, I was starting to feel a bit frustrated. Were all my ideas about Seki san's life to be completely upside-down? "Well then, tell us about the first printing jobs you had to do, you know, the simple stuff like printing wrapping paper ..."
"Oh, that's not the sort of thing I started with. My master had the idea that I could do 'easy stuff' anytime; if I learned the trade by starting with difficult jobs, I would then be able to handle any work that came along. The very first job that was given me was to make 100 copies of a difficult multi-coloured print. Of course, I made a complete mess of it. Nobody told me what to do, how to do it ..."
What happened to those 100 prints?
"Once I had finished the job, the master looked at them, took a knife, and simply cut the whole stack in half. I was then given my next assignment - another very complex print. I saw all those sheets of beautiful 'washi' being thrown away and I tell you, I learned fast!"
Didn't they start to give you some instructions?
"No. Nobody told me anything during the entire ten years that I was there. I just had to watch and figure it all out on my own. You can't learn something just by asking questions - your hands have to learn by themselves!"
I hear this and think of my baren sitting in my bag ... I guess it's not a good moment to bring it out ...
"What kind of pay did you get in those days? Just a few hundred yen a month, right?" I am astonished at his answer:
"Yeah, that's right. I got 500 yen a month. And we had two days off, the 1st and 15th of every month."
At last! Something that matches my preconceptions! I eagerly press ahead. "So those two days must have been real 'freedom' for you - going to the movies, taking your girlfriend out ..."
"No way. I was too busy in the workshop - taking care of my brushes, trying to learn how to make a baren ... And besides, I had to save up my money so I could buy tools. The other guys lent me some of theirs at first, but those had to be returned. I had to buy all my own stuff."
"It sounds like it must sometimes have been a pretty frustrating time. Were you glad after the years of training when your master finally said you were ready to be an independent shokunin?"
"Well ... He was a pretty strong-willed guy, and I guess I'm also fairly strong-willed ... It didn't end up quite so neatly as that. One day, after about ten years, there I was out on the street. I had to start from zero. But boy, could I print! I could do any job that anyone cared to throw at me. I could print anything!"
And his big smile tells its own story ...
Maybe this is the right moment ... I open my bag and bring out my baren. I have been having a bit of trouble with the final step of the 'wrapping' job - keeping the bamboo skin held tightly around the inner coil. After years of practice, I've pretty much got the bamboo folding part figured out, but find that the cord holding the skin in place somehow always works its way loose when I start printing. Seki-san picks it up and says immediately
"The cord is too loose - you can't use a baren like this!"
I nod in agreement and shrug my shoulders helplessly.
And then suddenly, in a burst of motion ... flip, twist, loop, tug, tie ... It takes but a moment for him to retie the cord and pass the baren back to me. Tight as can be. Wonderful! But it was like watching a magic show on TV; I saw nothing - just a blur of fingers!
"How did you do that?"
He just smiles. I get the message - you can't learn something just by asking questions - your hands have to learn by themselves ...
He and his wife are very friendly to us, and the conversation rolls along for nearly four hours. But it gets late, and Sadako and I reluctantly bring things to a close, say our 'thank you', and start to pack up our things. But as we do, I have a flash of inspiration, and take out of my bag a folder of my prints. I pull out one that I made last year, one in which I used the 'karazuri' ('empty printing' - embossing) technique. But I don't really know the traditional techniques well, so I have sort of invented my own way of doing this. The result is attractive, but a little different from typical karazuri. I pass it to Seki-san for his inspection. He looks closely at it, and yes, just as I had hoped, a moment later comes the question ...
"How did you do that?"
I smile ... and I smile ... and I smile!