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Woodblock craftsman combines old, new

Day after day, David Bull sits in his workroom almost all day long using his energy to make hanga or woodblock prints.

His workroom, housed in his four-story house standing on the side of a riverbank in Ome, Tokyo, has yet to be completed because he is building the room himself by taking time from his busy production schedule.

After switching on a naked light-bulb above his worktable, the only lighting in the room, the 52-year-old woodblock craftsman grabs a chisel and starts to carve the woodblock. The chilly north-facing room apparently does not bother him once he becomes absorbed in his work.

"The work never becomes routine. It offers me endless challenges to overcome. " he said.

For more than 20 years, Bull has devoted himself to exploring Japanese traditional woodblock printing techniques. The hanga craftsman is one of a few artisans that use only traditional materials and techniques. Yet he does not strictly follow the original method.

Woodblock prints date back to the Edo period (1603-1868), creating a popular market in which ordinary people could participate. Hanga was not considered serious art. The original process uses a division of labor by a designer, a carver, a printer and a publisher.

But Bull does both the carving and the printing, which require an enormous amount of time and work. Despite a lack of knowledge about printmaking and formal training or apprenticeship, he found his own way to combine traditional and modern items in prints.

The subjects he chooses to reproduce vary from ukiyo-e prints by the world famous Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) to a magazine illustration published in the Meiji era (1868-1912), a menu from a prewar transpacific liner and a print by a friend in the United States.

Bull said: "I make woodblock prints in a traditional way, but what I'm doing is something new. Although some people try to preserve dying traditional things, I don't feel that way. If the old arts and crafts don't meet the needs of people, they would naturally pass away."

Bull has been able to make a living from his woodblock prints, but not until 1991.

Born in England in 1951, Bull moved with his family to Canada at the age of 5, giving him dual nationalities. In his youth, Bull enrolled in a prominent music school in London and pursued a musical career as a flutist, but was not able to realize his dream. After he dropped out of college, his interest shifted to computer programming in music, and he got a job at a music store back in Canada.

In 1980, his first encounter with Japanese woodblock prints came at a gallery in Toronto. In his 20s, Bull became enchanted by the traditional arts and began collecting printmaking tools to produce his own prints. He eventually moved to Japan in 1986 with his Japanese wife and two little daughters to study woodblock printing seriously.

For several years, Bull made ends meet by teaching English while trying to improve his skills on his own.

"Living as a woodblock printmaker has not always been easy, but it has brought great satisfaction," the self-taught craftsman said.

His works initially drew public attention after he launched an ambitious project to reproduce a set of illustrations of the classical 31-syllable waka poems--Hyakunin Isshu (One Hundred Poems from One Hundred Poets)--designed by Katsukawa Shunsho (1726-1792), a ukiyo-e artist of the Edo period. Over a 10-year period beginning in 1989, Bull produced 10 prints of the series each year and sent them to subscribers.

He now has nearly 130 subscribers, enabling him to work as a full-time printmaker. But Bull said he had only about 10 subscribers when he started the project.

Recalling the 10-year period, Bull said the year 1993 was particularly tough for him as he got divorced and took custody of his daughters--Himi and Fumi. Raising children while working on the ambitious project was a great challenge to him.

Even under such circumstances, however, Bull said he did not consider leaving Japan. He continues to live in Japan although his daughters, now aged 20 and 18, work and study overseas.

"It's funny many people ask me if I plan to go home. But this country is my home. I have no intention to leave," he said with a laugh.

His ultimate goal is to show people in Japan and other countries how beautiful woodblock prints are by creating a new generation of prints.

The Internet has helped him achieve this goal. He created a discussion group on the Web through which members exchange opinions and information about woodblock prints. His Web site (http://woodblock.com), carrying his essays and quarterly newsletters, which offer detailed explanations of printmaking techniques and materials as well as the art's history, has served to introduce woodblock prints to people all over the world.

In fact, the number of overseas subscribers has increased and consists of about one-third of the total number of his subscribers, Bull said.

On Thursday, his 15th annual exhibition is scheduled to start at Gallery Shinjuku Takano in Shinjuku Ward, Tokyo. About 60 prints, such as from the Surimono Albums, his current project to reproduce a collection of privately published prints from the Edo period, and the Hyakunin Isshu series, will be on display. The exhibition will run until Jan. 27.

TV Listings

The 'Woodblock Shimbun' has a full selection of TV programs on file. Videos available include some of David's news appearances, complete feature programs, and some short documentaries on his work. The files are in QuickTime format, and can be easily viewed with your browser.
Program listings are on the Index page ...

'Youngest' Ukiyo-e Craftsman

Ukiyoe, the Japanese art form most familiar to foreigners, was not always highly appreciated. In its earlier days during the Edo period, ukiyoe prints were used to wrap fish, similar to how people use newspaper comics to wrap garbage. Though its reputation gradually improved, mainly due to its popularity with Westerners, it may be to no avail. Ukiyoe and the traditional woodblock printmaking craft is dying in Japan. With less than 40 members in the crafts guild, all of them over 60 years old, and no apprentices, this art form is close to extinction. (1992)
Full Story.

Woodblock Prints in a Different Light

"Let me ask you a silly question: Have you ever seen a woodblock print before?" ukiyo-e printmaker David Bull asked me. "Of course you have. But do you know how to look at a woodblock print?" He held a postcard-sized print under the fluorescent light in his cluttered kitchen. "Is that a woodblock print, or is it printed by a machine, or is it a photograph? (1999)
Full Story.

A Traditional Woodblock Printer

Surrounded by carving tools, brushes and bowls of pigment, he spends hours absorbed in the exacting work that has become both a passion and a ten-year project. A Canadian who moved to Tokyo in 1986, David Bull has made an extensive effort to learn and practice woodblock printmaking as it was mastered in Edo-era Japan. He is currently producing a series of woodblock prints using designs by the famous Ukiyo-e artist Katsukawa Shunsho. The theme is the 100 poets of old Japan (Hyakunin Isshu) and in four years he has completed 40 of them. He expects to finish the collection in 1998. (1992)
Full Story.