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World of Japanese Craftsmen: Printmaker David Bull

"Have you ever seen a woodblock print?" asked printmaker David Bull, with a twinkle in his eye. Up until that point, I thought had seen a fair few.

He then turned off the light overhead and steered me toward the sunlight streaming through the window, putting one of his latest prints in my hands. Sure enough, what had seemed a lovely design under the harsh fluorescent lighting took on a new depth in the soft glow of the winter sunshine. The colors were richer, the fuzziness and subtle grain of the handmade paper was readily apparent and the impression left by the wood-blocks used to print the design could be seen to full advantage.

"What you are seeing now is 20 people's work; you are seeing the guy who made the paper, you are seeing the guy who made the baren, the guy who made the pigments, the printer, the carver ... It's a three-dimensional object. To me, it's a beautiful thing."

Born in Britain and later a resident of Canada, Bull started his career as a dento-hanga shokunin (traditional Japanese printmaker) relatively late in life - aged 35 or thereabouts. He was both a musician and computer engineer at the time he happened to see some ukiyo-e in a Toronto gallery. He was hooked. Despite a 'can-do' attitude that had served him well in his earlier occupations, Bull's first attempts to reproduce the magic he had seen in the gallery left him rather frustrated. The obvious next step was to move to Japan with his family in tow and study the process in depth.

Bull went at it with his ears back, meeting other printmakers, block carvers and papermakers and examining original works. Although getting some useful tips from some old masters, Bull taught himself the ins and outs of the dying art.

"The traditional woodblock printmaking thing is dead," says Bull. "Printmaking these days doesn't work in terms of 'schools.' Most of the other arts work in terms of 'the sensei' and all that, but printmaking doesn't work that way. It's totally free. Otherwise, I would have run away screaming 10 years ago.

After a time of trial and error and a lot of English teaching to pay the bills, Bull felt ready to take on a rather ambitious project, one that would make or break him as a hanga shokunin - the recreation of the Hyakunin Isshu, a series of 100 prints of famous Japanese poets.

In the ten years that it took to complete the project Bull's techniques in all aspects of the art reached professional level and earned him the respect of the few remaining print craftsmen, as well as a substantial client base that enables him to work full-time as a dento-hanga shokunin.

Bull now knows dento-hanga like few others. In fact, it's probably more accurate to say he knows the art like no one else in the entire world.

In the glory days of ukiyo-e printmaking, from the mid Edo Period to the late Meiji Period (1720-1890), printmaking was a cooperative effort of a number of different craftsmen. Famous artists like Hiroshige, Utamaro, Toyokuni and Yoshitoshi would have made the designs but left the carving and printing to independent craftsmen. Bull is able to do everything himself but the design, and even that difficult task is tackled on occasion.

Despite his expertise, Bull insists that he isn't an artist, just a technician."

"Actually. I'm just having fun. I'm making a living. I like making woodblock prints."

His current project is reviving the little-known world of surimono, literally 'printed things.'

Surimono were privately commissioned hanga of a smaller size created strictly for poets, cognoscenti and other artists. Money was no object and only the best materials were used. It was this exclusive genre that Bull thought would be a fitting challenge for the next stage in his development as a hanga artist (oops!) technician.

"What I'm doing now is taking this concept of privately published prints - not for monetary gain, not to make a million, just to try and make as beautiful an object as I can."

His new series of surimono, for all their extraordinary beauty, are very reasonable at 6000 yen. But they are only available in a series of ten - one per month.

When quizzed as to why he doesn't charge more for his work, Bull said, "I don't want to do 'bank lobby' stuff. I would rather make things that 'Mr. and Mrs. Suzuki' would buy.

"Since Meiji times, Japanese people as a cultural group have forgotten what a woodblock print is. If there is a mission ... it is just to show people how beautiful these things are."

TV Listings

The 'Woodblock Shimbun' has a full selection of TV programs on file. Videos available include some of David's news appearances, complete feature programs, and some short documentaries on his work. The files are in QuickTime format, and can be easily viewed with your browser.
Program listings are on the Index page ...

Traditional Craft, Crisis or ... ?

As a worker in the field of traditional Japanese crafts, one of the most common things I hear from visitors to my workshop is, "Isn't it a pity that wonderful crafts like this are dying out nowadays." We sometimes tend to view traditional crafts as being superior to modern ways of doing things, but I have to wonder about this. I am sure that the craftsmen of old did not view their work in special terms. I think that they were simply people 'doing a job'. (1994)
Full Story.

A Traditional Woodblock Printer

Surrounded by carving tools, brushes and bowls of pigment, he spends hours absorbed in the exacting work that has become both a passion and a ten-year project. A Canadian who moved to Tokyo in 1986, David Bull has made an extensive effort to learn and practice woodblock printmaking as it was mastered in Edo-era Japan. He is currently producing a series of woodblock prints using designs by the famous Ukiyo-e artist Katsukawa Shunsho. The theme is the 100 poets of old Japan (Hyakunin Isshu) and in four years he has completed 40 of them. He expects to finish the collection in 1998. (1992)
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Enchanting Japan

Colourful woodblock prints - for people all over the world, to hear this phrase is to think of Japan. Japan has a long history of woodblock printing, or hanga, originally for illustrations for books. By the late seventeenth century, hanga in the ukiyo-e style came into its own as an art form, and prints came to be appreciated on their own merits. The many woodblock prints that accurately depict life in the Edo period are excellent examples of this tradition. Whether a print of a geisha, a kabuki actor strutting on stage, or even a completely modern image, the woodblock printing technique seems to provide the perfect means of expression to capture the essence of things Japanese. (1998)
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